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Full text of "Steel structures."

mi-13 



OCT 5 



1931 




Fig. 1. Exhibition Hall No. 7. Leipzig Fair. Biggest Hall in Europe with unsupported Roof Girders. 

Span 328 ft. Length 459 ft. Erected in 1928. 








MASCMINENFABRIkT AUGSBUPC- N^RNBERG A-O 





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Fig. 2. 

"Haus der Technlk" 

Frankfort-on-Main Exhibition 

Erected in 1921/22, View of 

the large middle hall. 









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n lhe extraordinary development in structural steelwork during the last decade the influence 
of the Maschinenfabrik Augsburg-Nuernberg A. G (abbreviated M.A.N.) has perhaps been one 
of the largest factors. In 1654 the old Nuernberg Works had already caused a sensation by 
erecting the Crystal Palace in Munich within 100 days. Whilst building a bridge over the Rhine, 
M. A. N. established a Works at Gustavsburg (near Mainz) to which all structural steelwork was 
subsequently moved. These Works soon became famous. 

For the first time engineers and architects working in systematic and scientific co-operation 
created lhe "Gustavsburg" style. This co-ordination is now followed by M.A.N, for present 



day structures, and the results surpass 



other efforts in open competitions. To-day the 



M. A N is among the leading structural steel works of the World 



Fig 3. Festival and Ex lion Hull Frankfort- 
-Iflin. Area 7176 sq yards., sealing accom- 
modation 1 2,000, standing accommodation 6 00« 

Erected 1*07/08. 



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Fig 4. 
Erection of the Frankfort 
on Main Festival Hall. 



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Fig. 5. Hall No. 7 Leipzig 
Fair, during erection. 






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Fig. 6. Hall No. 21. 
Leipzig Fair (Engine 

Exhibition Hall). 
Length 508 ft, 6 ins. 
Area 8,133 sq. yds. 



Large Public Buildings. 

The happy blending of the practical and artistic side is mostly seen in the large halls 
and buildings of public life. The Gustavsburg Works have built a number of banquet and 
exhibition halls of various types. The magnificent dome-shaped building of the Frankfurt Festival 
Hall is a characteristic example. Its daring girder work in the form of huge curved girders 
of the highest artistic merit but peculiar simplicity nevertheless embody the utmost practical 
efficiency. Again there are the light fairylike arches of the Technical and Fashions Hall of the 
Frankfurt Exhibition and Exhibition Hall Nr. 21 of Leipzig. Hall Nr. 7 of the Leipzig Fair shows 
quite another modern development where the roof girders are incorporated in the roof by such 
unique and ingenious methods that they can hardly be seen. In this way an unsurpassably 
spacious eftect is obtained. It is the largest unsupported roof in Europe, and has a span of 

The erection was completed within 7 weeks despite severe winter conditions. 

Railways and modern aircraft also need hails of the largest dimensions with either huge 
single vault spans or several continuous roofs of smaller span. Examples of various types are 
the halls in Met*, Basel, Karlsruhe, Homburg, Bangkok etc. Large goods sheds were supplied 
to Basel, Freiburg and Leipzig. The same girder design used for the Leipzig Exhibition Hall No 7 



326 ft. 



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Fig. 7. 
Railway Station Hall, Metz, 

area 28,700 sq. yds., 
total weight of steel struc- 
ture 7,200 tons., 
erected in 1909/10. 












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Fig. 8. Railway Station Hall, Homburg v. d. H6he 



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is employed for the large garage of the Dresden Co-operative Society and for two cotton 
stores in the New Bremen Harbour which cover a total area of 494,000 sq. ft. The special 
designs for revolving airship sheds originally evolved by M A. N., form the very valuable 
basis on which the prospective developments for the air traffic of the World are founded. Quite 
peculiar problems are involved for theatres and stages with their dome shaped and ring designs, 
adjustable stages and trap doors. Here the M. A. N. applied their wide experience in the 
manufacture of conveying plant and hydraulic installations. Large stage structures were erected 
at Nuernberg, Freiburg, Dresden, Mexico City, Wiesbaden, Sofia and more recently for Angora, 
as well as the Oberammergau passion plays. 

The erection of very high buildings (skyscrapers) introduced a new working field for the 
structural steel designer. Only by its supporting skeleton of structural steelwork have buildings 









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Fig. 9. Railway Station Hal), 

Bangkok, Siam, 

assembled in M. A. N.. 

Works Gusiavsburg. 



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Fig. 10. Aeroplane Hangar, Warnemuende, 
length 459 ft,, breadth 183 ft., height 60 ft. 



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Fig. 11. Detachable Sectional Aeroplane Hangar, 

Mannheim. 



of such heights as are now common been made possible, and simultaneously the time of 
erection considerably reduced. Here also the M.A.N, has executed many important contracts, 
for instance the offices of Mousson, Frankfurt, Knorr © Hirth, Munich, Banco Commercial, 
Sao Paulo etc. etc. 



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Fig. 12. 

Erection of a Revolving 

Airship Shed. 



Fig. 13. 

Airship Shed, Oos, 

near Baden-Baden. 

528 ft. long. 96 ft.wide.79 ft. high. 

The complete steel structure 

was erected in 21 days. 



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In this connection 
the first spherical building 
the world must be 
mentioned. This was built 
by the M. A. N. to the 
ideas of Professor Birken- 
hotz, Munich 
Dresden Annual Fair in 

1928 (ill. 16). 



Workshop and 
Power Station 
Buildings. 

Previously all work- 
shops and machine halls 
for the heavy industries 

power companies 
were only built to serve 
their purposes without 









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Fig. 15. Skycraper for Messrs. J. G. Mousson & Co., 

Frankfort-on-Main. 



Fig. 16. First Spherical House of the World. 

Annual Fair, Dresden. Built in 1928. 



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Fig. 14. Skyscraper of the Banco Commercial, 
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, during erection. 



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Fig. 17. Slage Equipment, 

Freiburg Theatre. 



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any attention to artistic effect. Nowadays 
conditions have altered, the modern indu- 
strial building harmonises with the local 
picture. "Guslavsburg" Buildings especially 
prove how the natural lines necessitated by 
the forces involved can also satisfy all archi- 



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Fig. 18. Erection of the dome of the 

State Theatre, Wiesbaden. 



tectural requirements. The main characteristics of M.A.N, designed workshop buildings are: 
Securing the utmost possible uninterrupted space thus ensuring the highest efficiency for the 
lifting and cranage arrangements provided, water tight and temperature proof roof, safely against 
fire, good lighting, ventilating and heating arrangements, beauty of outer appearance and 
maximum internal space effect. A very good example is the steel structured hall of the 
Gustavsburg Southern Works which was erected in 1907. 

The M.A.N, has built workshops of the largest dimensions for such different purposes 
as steelworks and rolling mills, foundries, machinery and structural steel workshops, 
railway, tramway and chemical factories, spinning mills, weaving works, boot factories, paper 
works etc. In many cases M.A.N, also supplied and installed the whole conveying and heating plant. 

M.A.N.'s position in the building of power stations and gasworks is quite a special one. 
They are able to supply not only the whole structural steelwork for boiler and machine houses, 
stoke holds, bunkers etc. but also the power plant (steam boilers and engines or turbines, Diesel 
engines etc.) with all the necessary erection equipment, cranes, conveyor plant for coal, ash 
etc., wagon tippers and so on made in their own workshops. 






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Fig. 19. 
Two Cotton Warehouses, 

Bremen Harbour, 
1260 ft. and 1299 ft. long, 

216 ft. wide, 
with 36 Half Portal Re- 
volving Cranes. 



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Fig. 20, Workshops of Messrs. Thomson Houston, Paris 



Fig. 21. Hemp Spinning Mill. 

Deutsche Textil Werke, G. m. b. H., Wehr i. 5 

Area 7,774 sq. yds. Erected in 1919/20. 



Shaft and Blast Furnace Lifts. 



The shaft lifts of mines and ihe charging conveyors of blast furnace Works need framed 
structures with many extensive handling devices of special design. M.A.N, pay especial attention 
to their lifting frames having a clean appearance, efficient arrangement of bracing and 
the most simple reaction of the exterior forces on the foundations. Steel structures are used 
for supporting the blast furnaces and also as inclined or vertical runways for the feeding 
conveyors. M.A.N, followed new and quite individual lines in developing feeding frames and 
have produced a very advantageous and reliable design. The new vertical lifts were introduced 
by M.A.N, and the first was erected at the Georgs-Marien Steel Works, Osnabrueck for a large 
plant of 5 blast furnaces. The M.A.N, also made the corresponding air and gas pipe lines, 
throat stopper, ore and coke conveying plant etc. 






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Fig. 22 Erection of a Workshop for Messrs. Brown, Boveri <L Co., Baden, Switzerland. 



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Plant for the Shipbuilding 
Industry. 

The M.A.N, introduced a new iype 



buildins berth 



Germany, 



which was erected at the Vulcan Works 
in Stettin and weighed 3600 tons, 
further slipway was supplied 
J. C Tecklenborg in Geestemuende. This 
presented special difficulties in designing 
to allow for erection whilst the yard was 
working. Another design (patented by 
M.A.N.) is a frame consisting of only 
one support surmounted by a rotating 
girder crane serving every two adjoining 






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Fig, 24. Railway Main Repairing Shop, 

Delitzsch. 



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Fig. 23. 
Engine house of the large Power Siaf ion 
at Mannheim, during erection. 






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Fig. 25. 

Southern Works of the 

M. A. N. Gustavsburg. 

Erected in 1907. 



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Fig. 26. 
Omnibus Garage, Wiesbaden 



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Fig. 27. Coal Store of Gasworks 
No. VI at Berlin -Tegel during 
erection, heighi 92 ft., width 1 67 ft. , 

length 1,883 ft., 
capacity: 170,000 tons of coal. 









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Fig. 28. Braced Steel Mast for 

100,000 volt transmission line oi 

the Bayern Werk A.-G. 

Height 93 ft. 






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Fig. 29. Power Station of Messrs. Dyckerhoff & SGhne, G. m. b. H., 

Portlandzementfabrik, Amoeneburg. 



building berths. In this way the 
outer row of columns is avoided 
and on the other hand wider ships 
can be built on the same space. 
The M.A.N, also build complete 
river berths, dry and floating docks 
and inclined slipways for ship 
repairing yards. 



Fi$. 30. RoJjo Broadcasting Tower. 

Las Salinas, Chile. 



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Fig. 31. M.A.N, vertical lift for Blast Furnaces. 
Georgs-Marien-Bergwerks- und Htlttenverein, Osnabrueck. 



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Holders. 

Gasholders and storage tanks for 
liquids fall within the category of steel 
structures. The Waterless Gasholder of the 
M. A. N. has completely altered previous 
conditions with Telescopic Holders. The 
very heavy and expensive water tank is 
avoided. A piston rises and falls inside 
the totally enclosed shell thus providing lhe necessary storage in the Holder. A gas tight joint 
between piston and shell is formed by means of a liquid seal, for instance, tar, as this needs 
no heating in winter. The M.A.N, holders are very popular owing to their manifold advantages, 
viz, high reliability, small ground loads, low upkeep costs. Up to now holders for more than 
570 millions cu. ft. capacity have been erected in all parts of the World. Amongst them are 
the largest holders in the World with 20,000,000 cu. ft. and 15,000,000 cu. ft. capacity. 



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Fig. 32. Two Pithead Frames, Zeche Matthias Stinnes, Essen. 
Height of the Rope Drum 131 ft. above the ground. 









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Fig 33. Shipbuilding Berth, 

J. C. Tecklenborg A. G., 

Geestemuende. 

2.880 tons of steelwork. 

Erected in 1906 07 whilst the 

yard was working. Extended 
in 1913 and 1917 18, 



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Fig. 35. Erection of an M.A.N. Waterless Gasholder. 



Fig. 34. M.A.N. Waterless Gasholder, 

capacity 12,500,000 cu. ft. 

Gutehoffnungshuetie Oberhausen A. G. 

Largest Gasholder in Europe. 



The M.A.N, has also made tanks, bunkers and hoppers of all kinds, for the storage of 
various liquids, coal, coke etc. 



Fig. 36. Two Oil Holders each of 70,000 cu. ft. capacity. 

Haidar Pascha Harbour. 



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Fig 37. 

Coal Bunker to M.A.N. 

Design. 
Rombacher Huetten- 

werke, 
Romboch i. Lothr. 



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